Pulse Generator V4.11

Pulse Generator V4.11

Quick reference

  • 500 pulses per revolution of measuring drum
  • For use with TG05 to TG50 and BG4 to BG100
  • Uni-directional
  • Not applicable for ex-proof areas

Application

The Pulse Generator for RITTER Drum-type Gas Meters and Bellows-type Gas Meters is a rotary encoder for pulse output. It can be used to transfer the measured gas volume for remote display and/or data processing (calculation of flow rate, data transfer via RS232) to the Electronic Display Unit »EDU 32 FP« (accessory) or to an external measuring system / PC. In the latter case, the external system must provide the power supply (5-24 V) for the photo sensor as well as the evaluation circuit/logic which enables the direct readout of the measured volume and flow rate. For connection to an external system, please refer to the electrical data and wiring diagrams further down the page.

Components

The Pulse Generator is located within the housing of the counter mechanism of the Gas Meter (behind the dial plate) and it consists of the following components:

  • Optical encoding film disc
  • Sensor unit with integrated infrared photo sensor and LED operating indicator
  • Round, 5-pin output socket (180°, DIN 41524)

Description

The measuring drum of drum-type meters and the measuring unit of bellow-type meters are coupled 1:1 to the slit disc via a magnetic coupling. The optical encoding bars of the film disc rotate through the U-shaped photo sensor, thereby interrupting the light beam of the photo diode intermittently. Thus, the photo interrupter converts the revolution of the measuring drum into a sequence of pulses. The number of pulses represents the volume of gas which has passed through the Gas Meter, depending on the respective resolution (see »Performance Data« table below). The frequency of the sequence of pulses is a measure of the rotational speed of the measuring drum and thereby a measure of the flow rate of the gas.

For operation of the photo sensor, an external electric power supply in the range of 5-28 Volts DC is required. More electrical data are stated on the »Electrical Data« table below. The output signal is a TTL signal, whereby the pulse level (= min./max. voltage of the signal) depends on the power supply voltage and current load (please refer to the »Electrical Data« table).

For power supply values between 5 and 28 Volts, the output signal level can be linearly interpolated for the first approximation.

Output Socket

The pin configuration of the 5-pin output socket is shown under »Pin configuration of the Output Socket«.

Use with Drum-type Gas Meters

Drum-type gas meters are volumetric gas meters. That means, that they are measuring gas volume precisely. When the Pulse Generator is used with drum-type gas meters for recording the gas flow, it is possible for the respective Voltage Output curve (line) to be wavy, even when gas flow is constant. This is (unpreventably) caused by the type of construction of the measuring drum: the drum consists of four separate chambers, which are closed and opened in sequence. The previous chamber has to be closed before the next chamber will open.

This compulsory measurement is the reason for the high measurement accuracy. However, each closing also causes a little build-up of pressure at the inside of a chamber. The surface tension creates an additional pressure increase during emerging of a chamber (water highest surface tension, oil: lower, CalRix lowest). The resulting pressure increase causes a small reduction in the rotational speed of the measuring drum. This is barely visible to the eye but is documented precisely by a computer/transcriber. Thus, the wavy output line at constant input flow documents the true flow through the gas meter.

Performance Data

Gas Meter [Type] Pulses per Revolution* [P/R] Gas Flow per Revolution* [ltr/R] Resolution [ltr/Pulse] Pulses per Liter [Pulse/ltr] Maximum Pulse Frequency [Pulse/min]
TG 01 not applicable
TG 05 500 0.5 0.001 1,000.0 1,000
TG 1 500 1.0 0.002 500.0 1,000
TG 3 500 3.0 0.006 166.7 1,000
TG 5 500 5.0 0.010 100.0 1,000
TG 10 500 10 0.020 50.0 1,000
TG 20 500 20 0.040 25.0 1,167
TG 25 500 25 0.050 20.0 2,333
TG 50 500 50 0.100 10.0 3,000
BG 4 500 10 0.020 50.0 5,000
BG 6 500 20 0.040 25.0 4,167
BG 10 500 50 0.100 10.0 2,667
BG 16 500 100 0.200 5.0 2,083
BG 40 500 100 0.200 5.0 5,417
BG 100 500 100 0.200 5.0 13,333

* TG types: Revolution of measuring drum
( = revolution of large Needle of dial plate)
BG types: Revolution of large Needle of dial plate

Temperature range

  • 0 to +55°C
  • At higher temperatures the Pulse Generator can be cooled by flushing the counter mechanism casing with room air. Necessary equipment: Optional connection nozzle at counter mechanism casing.

Dimensions of encoding disc

TG05 to TG50 / BG [mm]
Diameter: 144
Slit width: 0.492
Bar width: 0.356

Electrical Data

Supply Voltage Us 5 – 28 V DC
Supply Current Us = 5 V: < 2 mA
Us = 28 V: < 4 mA
Voltage Output Us = 5 V, no load: high level 4.95 V
Us = 5 V, load ISource 4.7 mA: high level 3.56 V
Us = 5 V, no load: low level 0.01 V
Us = 5 V, load ISink7 mA: low level 1.05 V
Voltage Output Us = 28 V, no load: high level 26.8 V
Us = 28 V, load ISource 7 mA: high level 26.5 V
Us = 28 V, no load: low level 0.01 V
Us = 28 V, load ISink 7 mA: low level 1.2 V
Current Output Us = 5 V: source 4.7 mA
Us = 28 V: source 7 mA
Us = 5-28 V: sink 7 mA
Operating frequency photo diode 0 – 500 Hz

Pin configuration of the Output Socket

(View to plug-side of the socket)

3 → Supply Voltage US2 (red)

5 → Supply Voltage US1 (red)

2 → none

4 → Signal Out (white)

1 → GND (black)

Internal wiring

Encoding Disc

(Direction of Rotation)

Pin No. Function Lead Colour
Photo Sensor 3+5 Supply Voltage US1 + US2 red
4 Signal Out white
1 Ground black

Attention: The mini plug of the cable which connect the sensor and the output socket must be mounted to the sensor in the shown position. Especially the red leads must be connected to the pin close to the corner of the sensor casing.
Otherwise the sensor will be destroyed!

Signal Output

Connection of Electronic Display Unit »EDU 32 FP« (optional accessory) to the Pulse Generator

The Pulse Generator can be connected to the optional accessory »Electronic Display Unit« (V 5.0 or higher) by means of the 5-pin connection cord, which is supplied in conjunction with the Electronic Display Unit. The maximum possible length of the connection cable is 10 m (unshielded cable) or 100 m (shielded cable). The Electronic Display Unit contains the power supply for the photo sensor as well as the evaluation circuit/logic which enables the direct readout of the measured volume [ltr] and flow rate [ltr/h].

Wiring of the Pulse Generator to the EDU socket
(view to plug-side of the sockets):

 

The measurement results displayed by the Electronic Display Unit can be transmitted to a computer via the standard-type interface RS 232 (please refer to the EDU Operation Instructions, paragraph 7.3 as well). Additionally, the value of the flow rate can be transmitted to an analog measurement device via the standard-type analog output (0-1 Volt or 4-20 mA).

Set-up of EDU:

  • Programming of sensor type: Select sensor type »PG V4.1«
    (please refer to the EDU Operation Instructions par. 6.2.4 as well)
  • Programming of slit disc / encoding disc: Select »500 Pulses/Rev«
    (please refer to the EDU Operation Instructions par. 6.2.5 as well)

V 4.11 / Rev. 2020-02-19 / Subject to alterations.